55 Years Ago: The Beatles Play Their First Show in Hamburg
By Dave Lifton
August 17, 2015
Hulton Archive, Getty Images
The stints the Beatles did in Hamburg, Germany are widely credited with turning them from just another teenage band in Liverpool into a tight rock n’ roll combo. They played their first night at the Indra Club on Aug. 17, 1960.
They had gotten their gig through Allan Williams, who owned the Jacaranda Club in Liverpool and managed a handful of local groups, including the Beatles. He had developed a working relationship with Bruno Koschmider to send his acts to perform residencies at the Indra and the Kaiserkeller, both of which were owned by Koschmider.
A few days before, they had hired Pete Best as their drummer. For the previous two months, Paul McCartney had moved from guitar to drums, but Koschmider specified that he wanted a five-piece band, so bringing on Best, whom they knew from the Casbah Club – owned by Best’s mother – was a natural choice.
They arrived in Hamburg and, after stopping at Koschmider’s house where they were to stay the first night, went to the Indra on Grosse Freiheit just off the Reeperbahn, the famous red light district in Hamburg’s St. Pauli quarter. The next night, and for the rest of their first Hamburg trip, their lodgings were in the Bambi Kino, a nearby theater, where they slept on bunk beds in the storeroom next to the ladies room.
Beatles Bible says that, for £2.50 a day per person, they played four sets between 8PM and 2AM on weeknights, five sets from 7PM to 3AM on Saturdays and six sets from 5PM to 1:30AM on Sundays. Their shows were comprised virtually entirely of covers of their favorite rock and R&B tunes, with stabs at whatever requests would be shouted at them by the drunken crowd. The long hours were a change-of-pace from what they were used to, but it forced them to adapt, especially with Koschmider repeatedly urging them to mach shau — to “make a show.”
“In Liverpool, we just used to do our best numbers, the same ones at every gig,” John Lennon said in Anthology. “In Hamburg, we would play for eight hours, so we really had to find new ways of playing. […] We got better and got more confidence, playing all night long. It was handy, them being foreign. We had to try even harder, put our heart and soul into it, to get ourselves over.”
Watch the Beatles Talk About their Hamburg Experience
“We were frothing at the mouth,” George Harrison added.
Another way they passed the time was by indulging themselves in some of the other activities that draw men to the Reeperbahn. “It was a sex shock,” Paul McCartney said. “[S]uddenly, you’d have a girlfriend who was a stripper. If you had hardly ever had sex in your life before, this was fairly formidable. Here was somebody who obviously knew something about it, and you didn’t. So, we got a fairly swift baptism of fire into the sex scene. […] We all got our education in Hamburg. It was quite something.”
The Beatles played the Indra until early October, when it was closed due to regular complaints about the noise. But Koschmider moved them into the Kaiserkellar, where they split time with another Liverpool band, Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, whose drummer was Ringo Starr. It was during this period that they met two people who would play a major part in their history.
Klaus Voormann, a young German artist, walked into the Kaiserkellar one night during the Beatles’ set. Struck by what he heard, he invited his girlfriend, a photographer named Astrid Kirchherr, to see them perform. They became regulars and befriended the band, in particular bassist Stu Sutcliffe, who was also an artist. Kirchherr took some photographs that became the definitive portrayal of their Hamburg era, and she and Sutcliffe soon fell in love.
Sutcliffe also took a liking to Voormann’s hairstyle, which was common among the German art scene, and asked Kirchherr to cut his hair that way. Lennon, McCartney and Harrison soon followed — it didn’t work with Best’s naturally curly hair — and, a few years later, it would be synonymous with the Beatles’ image. Voormann would go on to design the cover of Revolver and play bass on solo sessions by Lennon, Harrison and Starr as well as Harry Nilsson, Lou Reed and Carly Simon.
Watch the Beatles Share More Memories of Hamburg
By the end of October, the Beatles’ reputation had grown and they attracted the attention of Peter Erickson, who owned the Top Ten Club. He offered them more money and better living conditions and the Beatles jumped at the opportunity. Koschmider retaliated by notifying the German authorities that Harrison was only 17 and therefore ineligible to work, which led to his deportation a few weeks later.
They continued in Hamburg as a quartet, but not for long. Upon retrieving their belongings from the Bambi Koni, McCartney and Best nailed a condom to the wall and set fire to it. Koschmider had them arrested for trying to burn the theater down. They spent the night in jail and were deported the next day. Lennon joined them back in Liverpool a few days later.
In March 1961, a month after Harrison turned 18, they returned to Hamburg, where they stayed for three months and backed up Tony Sheridan – another Brit who was having success in Hamburg – for a recording session. However, when this residency ended, Sutcliffe decided to stay in Germany with Kirchherr.
On April 10, 1962, three days before the Beatles’ final stint in Hamburg, Sutcliffe died of a brain hemorrhage.
In 2008, a park at the intersection of the Reeperbahn and Grosse Freiheit was created and named Beatles-Platz. Situated atop black pavement designed to look like a vinyl record stands five statues representing the Beatles as a reminder of the importance of the city in the group’s development.
Drummer Pete Best, says the marathon performances in Hamburg, Germany, helped the Beatles develop their distinctive sound.
First Beatles Hamburg Gig Re-Created Fifty Years On
Posted on 18 Aug 2010
The Beatles’ first performance during their residency in Hamburg half a century ago has been re-imagined by New York-based collective Bambi Kino, who are named after The Beatles’ infamously rough accommodation in the city.
It was August 17th, 1960 when John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe and Pete Best made their bow at the Indra Musikklub venue, beginning a period of their early career which would help to shape their future.
Playing the same set the young Beatles played that night, dominated by Fifties rock n roll covers, Bambi Kino frontman Mark Rozzo spoke of his delight at getting the opportunity to follow in The Beatles’ footsteps. “It really is a thrill to play here,” he enthused. “It was 50 years ago, right this very minute! We’re not doing too many Lennon/ McCartney songs tonight, we’re playing what they played. We are huge fans of the Hamburg ’60s sound.”
The club’s manager Horst Fascher, who played a lead role in bringing the band to Germany back in 1960, told Spinner the show had brought back many happy memories. “The show has brought back many happy memories, I loved the Beatles, I loved living with them, all the time I spent with them,” he said.
“Only 30 or so people were there originally, the club was nearly empty. They were an unknown band, an unknown name having not recorded anything. Also it was their first time playing with Best, they had not rehearsed at all.”
The Beatles’ original run in Hamburg was cut short in the December of 1960 after George Harrison was deported. They later returned for a further series of gigs in April 1961.